Definition of operating system utilities

Operating systems have many different software programs that help them run basic processes for the computer. Some of these software can be replaced or deleted by the user. Other types of software are vital to the operating system and help it to function properly. In the same way, some software is highly complex and has many layers, while other types are simple and take up very little space. Utilities tend to be smaller and more basic types of software.


A utility in an operating system is a computer program that performs a single task, usually very specific and related to a single part of the operating system software. These programs work mostly with system resources such as memory and basic data flow. These often help the computer organize its memory and separate memory for applications that are added later in the life of the computer.


Operating systems also use software known as applications, and sometimes it can be difficult to know what the difference is. In general, utilities are smaller and simpler than applications. The applications are complex and perform many functions instead of just one, often functions that are not directly related to the basic structure of the computer. Text processors and data sheet programs are two of the most common applications.


There are utilities for most components of the operating system. One of the most common types is the disk utility, which handles the disk devices that the computer creates. Other utilities handle printers and other basic devices that are connected to the computer and need a direct line to the computer’s memory.


Some utilities in the operating systems may not be completely necessary, and other utilities may even be part of the applications. For example, a simple program within an application that allows you to print in multiple places could be considered a utility, as simple tools within an operating system. These tools can often be added or removed from the operating system as desired.